Although rap music videos tend to come to mind when thinking of men as aggressive and violence towards women, some videos by female artists actually portray these stereotypes. Repeatedly, women are seen as more dependent, sadder, and more frightened than males in music videos (Gamble, p. 370). As a result, women are more accepting of violence in their relationships- be it familial or romantic- because they think it is common (as seen in these videos).

An example of violence towards women in a music video is Lindsay Lohan’s “Confessions of a Broken Heart.” This music video shows a father being abusive towards his wife and his daughter is thus affected. Not only is this an example of the social-learning theory where girls are taught to view men as aggressive and themselves as submissive and weak, but it shows how women in music videos are passive and victimized by men.

Gamble, T. K., & Gamble, M. W. (2003). The Gender Communication Connection. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.